Professional Resources

Special Educational Needs

A child or young person has special educational needs and disabilities if they have a learning difficulty and/or a disability that means they need special health and education support, we shorten this to SEND.

All children and young people have the right to access their education and to reach their potential. Settings must make all reasonable adjustments to meet individual needs.

This might include;

    • Provision of auxiliary aids.
    • Additional support services.

This is to ensure that disabled children and young people are not at a substantial disadvantage compared with their peers.

Learning & Development

Settings should know precisely where children and young people with SEN are in their learning and development.

They should;

    • Ensure decisions are informed by the insights of parents and those of children and young people themselves.
    • Have high ambitions and set stretching targets for them.
    • Track their progress towards these goals .
    • Keep under review the additional or different provision that is made for them.
    • Promote positive outcomes in the wider areas of personal and social development.

Always check that the approaches used are based on the best possible evidence and are having the required impact on progress.

Dive Deeper

In Professional Settings

If a child or young person with special educational needs and / or disabilities is attending, or is about to attend your setting, gathering information is key. This will help you understand the challenges the child may face in their setting.

    • Parents / Carers are the experts in their own child and it is important that a positive home to setting relationship is established from the beginning wherever possible.
    • A meeting with parents / Carers and the young person should happen at the earliest opportunity.
    • Liaising with any previous educational setting can make for a smooth handover and a better understanding of how the child’s needs impact them day to day.

Other Things to Consider

There may be a range of other professionals involved in the child’s care. With the consent of parents and carers, contacting them can help build a clear picture of how best to support the child.

Your settings SENCo will be able to offer support to the wider team and coordinate involved professionals.

There may be a requirement for additional training to meet the child’s needs and to ensure professionals safety.

Regular review of the plan and how well this is meeting the child’s needs - which may change over time, is important.

Further Information

Pupils with Health Needs

Intimate Care

Education Health & Care Plans (EHCP)

When expected progress is not met despite the setting haven taken action to identify, assess and meet the special educational needs of the child, the child has not made expected progress, the setting should consider requesting an Education Health and Care needs Assessment.

    • This will describe a child’s special educational needs (SEN) and the help (provision) that will be necessary to meet them.
    • An EHCP includes any health and social needs related to their SEN to ensure support is made available for this.
    • It is a legal document written by the Local Authority.

It is intended to ensure that children and young people with an EHCP receive the support they need. The special educational needs provision stated in an EHCP must be provided.

Looked After Children

Local authorities should be particularly aware of the need to avoid any delays for looked after children and carry out the EHC assessment in the shortest possible timescale.

Addressing a looked after child's special educational needs will be a crucial part of avoiding breakdown in their care placement.



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