Some children find it difficult to follow instructions, or to understand specific aspects of language. Most children are able to develop their talking with the right support at home and in their education setting.
Children with significant difficulties using language over the age of 5 may be diagnosed with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD). These difficulties are NOT a direct result of a specific medical condition such as cerebral palsy, hearing impairment, Autism or severe learning difficulties. There is no known cause for DLD but scientists think that the part of the brain responsible for speech and language might be wired a little differently although this doesn’t show up on a brain scan. Genes may also play a part in DLD but there is no medical test to confirm this.
DLD affects approximately two children in every classroom in primary school (about 7.6%) and is more common in boys than girls.
A child with DLD may have lots of ideas and knowledge but have significant difficulties with all or some of the following skills :
• Understanding and remembering instructions.
• Understanding questions.
• Finding the right words.
• Putting words into sentences.
• Pronouncing words clearly.
• Making themselves understood.