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What Milk Do I Need To Buy?

There are many different formula milks on the market. This can be very confusing when you are choosing what to feed your baby. The golden rule to follow is first stage formula only, up to one year. 

Babies up to six months of age should only have formula based on cows or goats milk. Do not give soya based formula to babies under six months as this can damage developing teeth. After six months only use soy milk under the guidance of a medical professional. 

If you are worried about milk allergies or think your baby needs a specialist formula, please speak to your GP or Health Visitor. 

Please click the picture below to read this guide to infant milks from the First Steps Nutrition Trust, for all the information you need on types of formula. 

  • If you plan to give your baby any formula within the first 12 months, this needs to be first stage infant formula, unless you are advised not to do so by a medical professional.

    First stage infant formula is based on whey protein which is easier for your baby to digest. 

    Follow on formulas that are advertised are not necessary for your baby after six months and are not needed. They do not provide any extra health benefits to your baby.


  • You may be aware that formula comes in powder form or in ready made cartons. Both types of formula will be available in supermarkets and pharmacies.

    Powdered formula comes in tins and needs you to add water at 70 degrees centigrade or above to make a bottle. It is very important to follow the guidance on how to safely prepare powdered formula to prevent your baby getting sick.  

    *Click here* to find out how to prepare a bottle safely. 

    Ready made formula comes in cartons of various sizes and does not require any preparation other than sterilisation of bottles and teats. Cartons of formula can be useful if you are going out with your baby or for occasional feeds. But they tend to be more expensive, use more packaging and, once opened need to be used quicker than powdered formula. 

    *Click here* to find out how to sterilise bottles.


  • For a healthy baby it doesn't matter what brand of formula you choose.  All brands of formula have to meet strict nutritional and safety standards and have very similar ingredients, although there may be some difference if extra ingredients are added. There is no evidence that any of the extra ingredients have any benefit to your baby.

    You may see formula that claims to help babies who are hungrier, have colic, constipation or even to sleep better. These formulas are often casein based which is harder for babies to digest than whey. This can lead to constipation or make your baby more unsettled. 

    There are also lactose free, anti reflux and hypo-allogenic formulas on the market. These should not be given to your baby without seeking medical advice first. 

    If you are worried your baby has allergies or other dietary requirements please speak to your GP or Health Visitor. 


Who Can Help?

If your baby is less than 28 days old you can contact your local midwifery team or you can contact the Healthy Child Programme at any time following your baby's birth by calling Just One Number on 0300 300 0123 or texting Parentline on 07520631590.

Our opening hours are 8am-6pm Monday-Friday (excluding bank holidays) and 9am-1pm on Saturdays. Norfolk Healthy Child Programme has a team of infant feeding champions who can contact you by video call/telephone initially to discuss your questions and refer you to further help if required. All of our staff are trained to Unicef standards to provide you with the best possible feeding support and advice.

*Click here* to read the Essential Guide to Feeding & Caring for your Baby. 

If you would like to make connections with other parents please click on the links for our Just One Norfolk Community Forum; the Norfolk Community Directory and Early Childhood & Family Service (ECFS) below


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