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Sickness Bugs - Diarrhoea and Vomiting

Sickness bugs (gastroenteritis) where a person vomits and / or has diarrhoea and has tummy pains are usually caused by a virus or a  bacteria.

They are common because they are very easy to pass from one person to another.
The best thing to do is stay home until it passes. Most people will be better within a week, or even less, and won’t need any treatment.

Most children and young people will be able to be looked after at home when they have diarrhoea and vomiting until they are better.

There are things you can do to help, and signs that might mean you need some more advice. There are ways to stop it spreading around to others too! Take a look at the tabs below.


  • Taking Care of your Child at Home

    • Offer plenty to drink – to replace fluids being lost. Offer sips even if they are sick again shortly after
    • Offer breastfed babies feeds more often
    • Offer formula fed babies feeds as usual – do not ‘water down’ formula milk
    • Avoid fizzy drinks, and fruit juices. Let them eat if they are hungry. Keep food plain – bread, pasta, rice
    • If they have tummy aches and pains give paracetamol as directed. If you are unsure ask your pharmacist       (Find a local pharmacy *here*)

    Children and young people can feel worried and upset when they have sickness and diarrhoea. Stay close by so you can comfort them and give cuddles.



  • Dehydration is when your body is passing out more fluids than it is taking in – through vomit, diarrhoea or sweat.

    Being hydrated is essential for the body to function. When you are being sick or have diarrhoea your body is losing the important salts and chemicals it needs. This is one of the reasons it can make you feel poorly.

    Signs of Dehydration

    To begin with children, young people will seem thirsty. They might have a dry mouth and cracked lips. You might then notice;

    • Dark coloured pee or not peeing often – less than 4 wet nappies / big pees in a day.
    • You cannot get your child to take any fluids.
    • Babies may have a sunken ‘soft spot’ (fontanelle).
    • Drowsiness and / or fast breathing, a fast beating heart.

    Keeping Your Child Hydrated

    • Continue to offer fluids little and often – you could try offering from a spoon.
    • Try ice lollies for older children
    • Use diluted Rehydration Powders to replace salts and chemicals ask your Pharmacist for advice. (Find a local pharmacy *here*). 

    Keep a close eye on your child in case the dehydration gets worse and needs medical attention.
    Look here for NHS advice on when your baby or child might need extra help. If you feel you need advice or reassurance remember you can call 111 day or night.


  • Wash your hands really well with warm soapy water. There is a child friendly video on hand washing *here* This is the BEST way to stop spread.

    • You can use anti-bacterial hand rubs too – this should not be instead of hand washing
    • Wash all bed linen and towels on a hot wash
    • Wipe down kitchen surfaces, toilets, hand basins and door handles with bleach based cleaner

    The bug is often infectious to others so do not return to nursery, school or work until 48 hours after the last bout of sickness or diarrhoea – to reduce the risk of it passing around.
    You shouldn’t go swimming until two weeks after the bug ends.

    Whenever possible keep away from people who are more likely to be made very poorly by a bug such as the very old, the very young and those who already have health problems.

    You shouldn’t visit anyone in a hospital or nursing home or attend hospital appointments until 48 hours of no symptoms.


Who Can Help?

For support or advice young people, families and professionals can contact:

Just One Number for Norfolk Children and Young People’s Health Services Tel: 0300 300 0123 Monday-Friday 9am-5pm Saturday 9am-1pm.

Parents can use Parentline Text messaging service: 07520 631590

Young people aged 11-19 can text Chat Health on 07480635060

Other parents who are going through or have been through this before can be a big help to you, friends or family, or you could join our online forum to speak to Norfolk Parents, click *here* to find out more.

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