Development 6-12 Months
- Gross Motor Physical Development
- Fine Motor Physical Development
- Problem Solving
- Personal & Social Development
- If You Are Worried
Babies are born to be sociable and want to communicate with those around them. Babies can show us what they need and how they feel from their earliest days.
*Click here* to take a look at our 'Talk and Play' pages.
Gross motor skills are the movements that use big muscle groups and your baby will already be using these to improve their sitting and rolling skills they may already be crawling or even taking some first steps!
Your baby will still be getting to grips with sitting as they reach six months so lots of ‘sitting practise’ on the floor will help them build their muscles. Your baby will enjoy playing with their feet too!
- Spending time on the floor is still one of the best ways for your baby to develop their physical skills. In time they will like to pull up to a stand.
- Try and be sock free if it is warm enough at home – they can ‘explore’ their toes – and it also helps them with the crawling action.
- When your baby gets frustrated because they can’t quite get to where they want (they often go backwards when they want to got forwards!) be close by to reassure and encourage.
Fine Motor Skills use the small muscles in the hand and wrist. They might already be able to reach for what they want, and hold things as they get more able to use their new skills.
Your baby is now developing more advanced use of their hands. This gives them so many ways to play and explore the world around them.
Letting them feel and handle different textures builds on their skills and their confidence.
- Once your child can sit steadily let your child have a go at feeding themselves – chunky bits of banana, fingers of toast. Look at our ‘introducing solids’ page *here*.
- As they get better at this let them try picking up smaller bits of food like chopped soft veg and fruit. This will help them work on using their finger and thumb (pincer grasp) to pick things up.
- Help your baby get used to a plastic cup / beaker for drinks of water. Let them play with it empty first to get used to handling it.
- Put together a small strong basket or box of toys / safe objects (a shoe box will do) and put it in reach of your baby – they will enjoy emptying it and looking at everything. Swap the things in the box every few days. Look at this page *here* for ideas about what to put in a treasure basket. You can watch the video below too;
When we talk about babies being able to ‘solve problems’ it describes them beginning to think about and understand their world.
As your baby reaches six months and moves towards their first birthday you will probably be amazed by how many things they know.
They are starting to realise that things are still there when they are out of sight.
You have probably noticed that when you try and hide the remote or your phone from them know where to look for it! They will be really enjoying peekaboo games with you.
- Get a ball and roll it gently for your child – once you have their attention roll it just out of sight. Encourage them to look for it.
- Point at things you see that will interest your child – be excited and name what you are looking at – encourage your child to look and point too.
- Sing action songs with them and look at books – they will start to get excited at their favourite bits!
Your baby will enjoy routines and knowing what is going to happen next.
Personal and social development is how we describe a baby’s need to learn about who they are as a separate little person. They learn about their feelings and their own likes and dislikes.
Your baby will be more certain of what they like and don’t like. They may be worried by things and people they don’t know well. They will trust you to keep them safe.
Ask any people that make your baby feel worried to move a little way away and give your baby a moment. Cuddle your baby and let them turn away from the person or thing that has worried them until they feel brave enough to take another peek!
Your baby will get more confident if you take their worries seriously.
You can help your baby increase their sense of who they are;
- Make sure you use your babies name when you talk to them. Make up silly songs with their name in too.
- Sit in front of a big mirror with your baby – name the different parts of their body
- Print off some photos of people they know and make them an album – either buy a cheap one or tape into Ziploc bags.
Firstly remember that each child will develop at their own pace.
If your child attends nursery or a registered childminder, talk to them about your worries – they will be able to work with you to build your child’s skills and advise on any next steps needed.
If you are worried you can contact our Just One Number team on the details below to talk through your concerns.
Who Can Help?
You can contact the Healthy Child Programme by calling Just One Number on 0300 300 0123 or texting Parentline on 07520 631590. Our opening hours are 8am-6pm Monday-Friday (excluding bank holidays) and 9am-1pm on Saturdays.
Young people aged 11-19 can text Chat Health on 07480 635060
The Patient Activation Measure (PAM) Health Questionnaire will help you to think about your knowledge, skills and confidence in understanding and supporting your baby or child’s health. The results of this can help us, to support you, in setting goals and priorities in a way that is right for you and your family. On completion of the questions you will be signposted to some self care resources which are tailored to your responses. This will help you to take steps to improve your family's health and wellbeing. *Click Here* to find out more.